Saturday, 5 January 2019

Christian Bernays






Frankfurter Ober-Post-Amts-Zeitung: 1817,1/6


Intelligenzblatt des Rheinkreises, Volume 2











  • ID: I65453
  • Name: Jakob (Rabbi) BERNAYS
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Neustädtel (near Mainz ABT 1764 in Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
  • Occupation: Hotelier 1808
  • Death: AFT 1808
  • Name: Jacob (Jakob) BAERNEUS
  • Name: Jacques BEER
  • Name: Jacob BERNAYS 1
  • Occupation: Rabbi



    Father: Baer NEUSTÄDTEL b: ABT 1740

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Isaac (Chief Rabbi) BERNAYS b: 27 NOV 1792 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
      2. Has Children Clemens BERNAYS b: ABT 1794 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
      3. Has No Children Lucian BERNAYS b: ABT 1790 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
      4. Has No Children Emanuel BERNAYS b: ABT 1796 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
      5. Has No Children Pius BERNAYS b: ABT 1798 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)
      6. Has No Children Christian BERNAYS b: ABT 1800 in Mainz (Mayence), Deutschland (Germany)

      Sources:

      1. Author: Thekla Bernays
        Title: Augustus Charles Bernays: A Memoir
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 12

      Guide to the Sally Bodenheimer Collection
      1494-1975 




    • Wanted poster (Steckbrief) for the arrest of the Jew Christian Bernays (Kuewe Baer) for bankruptcy, Mainz, 1822.


    • Isaac Bernays

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      Isaac Bernays
      Isaac Bernays (/bərˈnz/German: [bɛɐ̯ˈnaɪs]; 29 September 1792, Weisenau – 1 May 1849, Hamburg) was chief rabbi in Hamburg.

      Life[edit]

      Bernays was born in Weisenau (now part of Mainz). He was the son of Jacob Gera, a boarding house keeper at Mainz, and an elder brother of Adolphus Bernays. After having finished his studies at the University of Würzburg, in which city he had been also a disciple of the Talmudist Rabbi Abraham Bing, he went to Munich as private tutor in the house of Herr von Hirsch, and afterward lived at Mainz as a private scholar. In 1821 he was elected chief rabbi of the German-Jewish community in Hamburg, to fill a position where a man of strictly Orthodox views but of modern education was wanted as head of the congregation. After personal negotiations with Lazarus Riesser, who went to see him in Mainz, Bernays accepted the office on characteristic terms; namely, that all the religious and educational institutions of the community were to be placed under his personal direction; he wanted to be responsible to the government only. Besides this he required a fixed salary, independent of incidental revenues, and wished to be called "clerical functionary" or "Chakam," as the usual titles, "moreh Tzedek" or "rabbi" were commonly employed by leaders of the Reform Movement, and as such were negated.
      In 1822 he began the reform of the Talmud Torah school, where the poorer children of the community had until then been taught Hebrew and arithmetic. He added lessons in German, natural science, geography, and history as important parts of the curriculum, and by 1827 what had formerly been merely a religious class had been changed to a good elementary public school. The council of the community wanted to take a greater part in the supervision of the course of instruction, and in consequence of differences with the Chakam resulting from these claims, they withdrew the subvention of the school in 1830; but through the intervention of the senate of Hamburg this was again granted in 1832, though Bernays was denied the presidential seat he had till then occupied in the council of the school and was made instead "ephorus" of the school. In 1849 he died suddenly of apoplexy, and was buried in the Grindel cemetery.

      Influence[edit]

      Grabplatte Isaac Bernays auf dem jüdischen Friedhof in Hamburg-Ohlsdorf.jpg
      Bernays possessed wide philosophical views, a rare knowledge of the Bible, Midrash, and Talmud, and an admirable flow of language: he was indeed a born orator. He was the first Orthodox German rabbi who introduced the German sermon into the service, and who tried to interpret the old Jewish feeling in modern form and to preserve the ancestral creed even in cultured circles. His antagonists were therefore to be found in the ranks of the "mainstream" ultra-Orthodoxy as well as among the radical Reformers of the Hamburg Temple, the Reform synagogue founded in 1818, against whose new prayer-book Bernays had pronounced an anathema in 1841. By lectures on the Psalms, on Judah ha-Levi's Kuzari etc., he tried to strengthen and to deepen the religious life of the community, the institutions of which he supervised very carefully. His influence was felt in the Hamburg community, where Jewish traditions and the study of Jewish literature are often found united with modern education.
      Bernays left no literary works. A small anonymous essay, "Der Bibelsche Orient"—of great linguistic learning and original and wide historical views on Judaism—was supposed to have been written by him in early years; but he denied the authorship, and never in later life showed any conformity with the views of the little book.

      Family[edit]

      Of his sons, the philologist Jacob Bernays, professor and chief librarian at the University of Bonn, kept faithful to the religious views of his father, while the literary historian Michael Bernays, who was only fourteen-years-old on his father's death, was converted to Christianity. One of his sons, Louis Bernays is mentioned in the annals of the Jewish Community of Baden, Switzerland, as one of its ten founders in the year 1859.
      Bernays' son Berman (1826–1879), who was also faithful to the religious views of his father, raised his daughter Martha Bernays (1861–1951) in the Jewish faith, but she later joined her husband Sigmund Freud in his religious antipathy. In her late years, she returned to the Jewish tradition.
      A grandson of the Freuds was painter Lucian Freud, who married Kathleen Epstein, the natural daughter of sculptor Sir Jacob Epstein. A brother of Lucian was Clement Freud, the father of Emma Freudand Matthew Freud. Bernays' best known pupil was Samson Raphael Hirsch, the founder of neo-Orthodoxy.
      Edward Bernays, one of the founders of modern public relations, was his great-grandson.

      See also[edit]

      References[edit]

      • Haarbleicher, Zwei Epochen aus der Geschichte der Deutsch-Israelitischen Gemeinde zu Hamburg, Hamburg, 1867;
      • T. Goldschmidt, The Talmud Torah School Under the Chacham, Bernays (inedited)

      Monday, 22 October 2018

      7/A: Richard Nöhring Share 1952–1955

      Solicitor to Martin Burch re Counsel's opinion. 25th September 1953.

      Solicitor for Martin Burch and Catherine Storrs to Richard Nöhring's solicitor. 24th September 1953.


      Covering letter from solicitor to Catherine Storrs re correspondence. 25th September 1953.

      Counsel's opinion.





      Solicitor's letter to Martin Burch. 26th November 1953.

      Solicitor to Charles Burch. 26th November 1953.
      Richard Nöhring's solicitor to Charles Burch et al. 23rd November 19[53?].




      Martin Burch's solicitor to Richard Nöhring's solicitor. 26th November 1953.

      Martin Burch to Lucile Sayers. 16th December 1953.


      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 31st december 1953.

      Richard Nöhring's solicitor to Martin Burch's solicitor. 23rd December 1953.

      Richard Nöhring's solicitor to Charles Burch's solicitor. 23rd December 1953.


      Charles Burch's solicitor to Richard Nöhring's solicitor. c.1st January 1954.


      Letter to Martin Burch from his solicitor. 16th January 1954.

      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 16th January 1954.



      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 16th January 1954.

      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 16th January 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 19th January 1954.

      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 2nd February 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 19th January 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 3rd February 1954.


      Queries from [Martin Burch?] to solicitor.

      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 15th February 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 9th February 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 10th February 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 11th February 1954.

      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 25th February 1954.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 24th February 1954.


      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 25th February 1954.


      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 16th June 1954.


      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Richard Burch. 14th June 1954.

      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 12th July 1954.






      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 17th December 1953.

      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 17th December 1953.


      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 17th December 1953.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 27th November 1953.

      Solicitor for Burch family to solicitor for Richard Nöhring. 24th September 1953.



      Solicitor to Charles Burch. 23rd September 1953.

      Martin Burch to solicitor. 1st October 1953.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring [?] to solicitor for Burch family [?]. January 1955.



      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 17th January 1955.

      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 26th April 1955.


      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 26th April 1955.








      Legal opinion. 2nd July 1952.

      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 12th May 1955.

      Legal opinion. 2nd July 1952.




      Letter to Martin Burch re life insurance. 28th June 1955.



      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 9th November 1954.



      Solicitor to Martin Burch. 25th November 1955.

      Solicitor for Richard Nöhring to solicitor for Burch family. 18th November 1955.


      Martin Burch to solicitor. 2nd December 1955.